Brief History of Education
TeachersMURAMATSU, TOMOStaffInfo
Grade, SemesterYear 2 2nd semest [General Basic Subjects]
CategoryGeneral Basic Subjects
Elective, CreditsElective 2credit
 Syllabus Number0E101

Course Description

The purpose of this course is to consider elements that shape modern school education through going back to their roots. In the first half of this series of lectures, we survey the historical development of modern school education in Europe. In the latter part, we survey Japanese education from the Edo to the early Showa eras. In particular, the acceptance and development of modern school education are introduced. At the end, we consider education in present-day from the view which we learned through this course.
This course is designated to achieve educational goals 1, 2, and 3 of General Basic Subjects.

Course Objectives

The goals of this course are to
(1) Explain the characteristics of education in various periods in history with consideration of historical background.
(2) Explain historical factors of formation of education in present-day.
(3) Consider education from the perspective of history.

Grading Policy

Your overall grade will be decided based on the following:
- One Page Portfolios: 50%
- Group discussion and presentation: 10%
- Term-end examination: 40%

Textbook and Reference

TextbookWill be introduced in the class.


Will be introduced in the class.


Will be introduced in the class.


1Introduction: the aims and schedule of this class
2Pre-modern education: the birth of school
3Comenius’s educational thought and method: the role of textbooks
4Locke’s educational thought and method: significance of experience in education
5Rousseau’s educational thought and method: teaching without instruction
6Pestalozzi educational thought and method: education for common people
7Formation of public education: formation of compulsory education
8Herbart’s educational thought and method: pedagogy and curriculum
9Development of New Education Movement
10Education in the Edo Period: learning of samurai and common people
11Formation of modern public education: acceptance of modern school
12Establishing Nationalistic Education System: “Imperial Rescript on Education” and educational practice
13Acceptance of new education and reform of educational practice: awareness as teacher
14Wartime education and postwar education reform: towards education for democracy
15Discussion about modern education from the perspective of history: group discussion and presentation