Fundamental Microbiology
TeachersKOGA, JinichiroStaffInfo
Grade, SemesterYear 1 2nd semest [Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering]
CategoryBasic Major Subjects
Elective, CreditsElective Requisites 2credit
 Syllabus Number5C123

Course Description

The lecture will explain the roles of microorganisms, which are different from those of plants and animals in nature. Furthermore, it will explain the specific cellular structure and function, and the interaction with plants, animals, and insects (DP1, DP2).

Course Objectives

Students can understand fundamental properties and roles of microorganisms in nature.

Grading Policy

Grading is determined with the final examination (100 %). Attendance more than 2/3 is necessary to take the examination. Reexamination is not going to be held. Feedback on the test will be conducted after the final lecture.

Textbook and Reference

TextbookThe lecture will be conducted with handouts.


Before the lecture, please examine the content of the syllabus (30 min). Lecture will be conducted according to handouts. After the lecture, please find new information on your interested fields by using books or internet (1 hour).



1Lecture guidance, history of microbiology : discovery of microorganisms and opening of microbiology
2Ecology and environment of microorganisms : role of microorganisms in nature
3Classification, nomenclature, and characterization of microorganisms
4Class and characterization of microorganisms : fungi and bacteria
5Classification of microorganisms by cell structure : eukaryotic and prokaryotic microorganisms
6Classification of microorganisms by metabolism : aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria
7Growth of microorganisms : growth method, growth curve, and method to measure the growth
8Environmental factors for the growth of microorganisms : nutrition, temperature, pH, oxygen, and ultimate environment
9Cultivation method of microorganisms : liquid and solid cultures, static and concussion cultures
10Production of beneficial substances : production of alcohol, citric acid, and glutamic acid
11Animals and microorganisms : symbiosis of human and intestinal bacteria
12Plants and microorganisms : symbiosis of plants and nitrogen fixing bacteria, interaction between plants and the pathogens
13Insects and microorganisms : symbiosis of bacteria and insects such as beetle, aphid, and cockroach
14Interaction between the microorganisms
15Summary and final examination